Newfoundland Wildlife

By: Ed McGrath


People will tell you that there are no snakes, skunks, porcupines, or groundhogs on the island of Newfoundland. While this is true, there are also no elephants, tigers, or giraffes either. The list of animals we don’t have could get very long.

Caribou, moose and fox are some of the popular species of animals that may come to mind when thinking of Newfoundland and Labrador, but our province hosts dozens of species, from mammals to birds to fish. Some of the wildlife is native to the province, while others have been introduced over the years.

Newfoundland and Labrador is currently home to such animals as the lynx, the mink, and the coyote, and is host to migrating bird species such as the American Wideon, Blue-Winged Teal, and several breeds of duck. We are also rich in marine wildlife – not only does Newfoundland and Labrador share the most diverse ocean life in the Atlantic, but the province is also home to thousands of fresh water lakes and ponds which host a variety of fish species as well.

The land and sea creatures listed here are found in Newfoundland.


Please make a selection for the type of wildlife that you wish to learn about:



Bird-watching is also very popular in Newfoundland, due to its geographical location and the migratory species that visit the province. Links and contact information are provided below for birders. (We’re also just around the corner from The Bird House and Binocular Shop*, a fantastic store for bird lovers and bird watchers.)

If fields of beautiful ferns or bogs with carnivorous plants attract your interest, Newfoundland and Labrador is also unique to a widely varied plant population. Because of its location on the edge of the North American continent, many of our plants reach the extreme of their range or ecological tolerance.

No matter where your wildlife interests may lie, our province will surprise and satisfy you with all it has to offer.


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